Information

Chopped Up Egyptian Mummy Body Parts Found Stuffed in a Speaker En Route to Belgium


Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities has announced that they have stopped the attempted smuggling of mummified body parts from a Belgium-bound passenger.

The unnamed passenger boldly stuffed parts from six mummies, including “two feet, two legs, the lower part of a left hand, one arm, and a part of the torso into a speaker,” according to an article in IFLScience. The loaded speaker was then “packed into their luggage” said Hamdi Hamam, head of the Central Administration of Archaeological Units at Egyptian Ports.

Authorities rumbled the heist after X-ray scans of the luggage at Cairo International Airport revealed what appeared to be “the uncanny resemblance of hidden human body parts.” Dr Rania Ahmed, who specializes in the dating, treatment and conservation of mummies, examined the find and confirmed its authenticity with the smoking gun being “Evidence of embalming fluid and resin” found on the limbs.

  • Stolen 1200-Year-Old Bible with Gold-Encrusted Motifs Recovered in Anti-Smuggling Raid in Turkey
  • K-9 Artifact Finders Plan to Sniff Out Smuggled Antiquities
  • Operation Zeus Stops Smuggling Ring from Stealing Over 26,000 Artifacts from Turkey

The person tried to smuggle mummy parts in a speaker. ( Ministry of Antiquities )

All antiquities in Egypt are deemed to be property of the state, which prohibits the possession or trade of such items. The fragmented mummy parts were confiscated under Egyptian Law on the Protection of Antiquities , which lays out that “every person who unlawfully smuggles an antiquity… shall be liable to a prison term with hard labor and a fine of not less than 5,000 and not more than $50,000 [Egyptian] pounds.”

Where Did the Ancient Mummies Come From?

In this instance, while the mummy remains were returned to Egyptian Museum authorities for restoration, it is currently unclear where the smuggler sourced the mummy parts.

It is currently unclear where the smuggler sourced the mummy parts that were confiscated. ( Ministry of Antiquities )

Royal, noble, and elite members of ancient Egyptian society were buried with gold, silver, precious stones, artwork, and weaponry and to accompany them one their voyage into the afterlife. And a Live Science article presents some pretty alarming data reflecting on the looting of ancient Egyptian tombs:

“Examination of satellite imagery of more than 1,000 sites across Egypt dating from 2002 to 2013 showed that looting affected many locations . Researchers found that incidents of looting doubled between 2009 and 2010, the years leading up to the 2011 unrest, and then doubled yet again between 2011 and 2013.”

What is more, a 2016 report in the journal Antiquity said “In 2016, objects worth an estimated $50 million were illegally shipped from Egypt to the U.S. This represents the highest annual value of trafficked Egyptian artifacts in 20 years.”

These spiritually charged objects, once robbed, demand big prices on black markets across the world and even some of the most notable ancient Egyptian artifacts exhibited in museums across the globe got there through ‘under the table’ methods.

Legal Controversies Over Stolen Artifacts

In my home country, for example, The Museum of Scotland is currently embroiled in an argument with Egyptian authorities about a block of limestone from the Great Pyramid of Giza known as a ‘casing stone ’. The museum is insisting that a British engineer was given permission to take the stone in 1872 but Egypt's Antiquities Repatriation Department has cast doubt over its authenticity and the validity of the documentation.

The Great Pyramid casing stone. ( National Museums Scotland )

In a recent BBC article, Shabaan Abdel Gawwad, supervisor-general of Egypt's Antiquities Repatriation Department, said he wanted “an official team to visit Scotland to see the certificate of possession and export documents.”

  • Illegal Artifact Smuggling and Forgery Ring Smashed in Europe-Wide Police Swoop
  • Operation Mummy's Curse Repatriates 2,800-Year-Old Mummified Hand That Had Been Used as Hollywood Prop
  • Looted Iraqi Antiquities Can Finally Return Home After Simple Identification by British Museum

The IFLScience article also tells of a pair of “3,200-year-old art tableaus currently housed at the Louvre” being at the center of another contentious debate. The Egyptian government claims they were “stolen from a tomb in the Valley of the Kings more than three decades ago.”

Possibly the most controversial stolen artifact situation is The Egyptian Supreme Council of Antiquities’ claim that the famous bust of Nefertiti on display in Berlin’s Egyptian Museum since 1923, “was sold to the museum under false pretenses and rightfully belongs in its home country.”

It would appear that in the 19th century many archaeologists applied the old “finders keepers, losers weepers” attitude. But now, when traceability and accountability are at the fore, the “losers” are coming for what is rightfully theirs.

An illegally excavated object someone tried to sell on eBay. ( Egypt’s Heritage Task Force )


Roman Empire

The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Rōmānum [ɪmˈpɛri.ũː roːˈmaːnũː] Koinē Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων , romanized: Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post-Republican period of ancient Rome. As a polity it included large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Northern Africa, and Western Asia ruled by emperors. From the accession of Caesar Augustus to the military anarchy of the 3rd century, it was a principate with Italy as metropole of the provinces and the city of Rome as sole capital (27 BC – AD 286). After the military crisis, the empire was ruled by multiple emperors who shared rule over the Western Roman Empire and over the Eastern Roman Empire (also known as the Byzantine Empire). Rome remained the nominal capital of both parts until AD 476, when the imperial insignia were sent to Constantinople, following the capture of Ravenna by the barbarians of Odoacer and the subsequent deposition of Romulus Augustulus. The adoption of Christianity as the state church of the Roman Empire in AD 380 and the fall of the Western Roman Empire to Germanic kings conventionally marks the end of Classical antiquity and the beginning of the Middle Ages. Those events, along with the gradual hellenization of the Eastern Roman Empire is why historians distinguish the medieval Roman Empire that remained in the Eastern provinces as the Byzantine Empire.

  • Senatus Populusque Romanus (Latin)
  • Imperium Romanum [n 1] (Latin)
  • Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων (Ancient Greek)
    Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn


    (de facto and de jure from 27 BC to AD 286, only de jure from 286 to 476)
    (286–402, Western)
    (402–476, Western)
    (286–330, Eastern)
    (330–1453, Eastern) [n 2]

The predecessor state of the Roman Empire, the Roman Republic (which had replaced Rome's monarchy in the 6th century BC) became severely destabilized in a series of civil wars and political conflicts. In the mid-1st century BC, Julius Caesar was appointed as perpetual dictator and then assassinated in 44 BC. Civil wars and proscriptions continued, culminating in the victory of Octavian, Caesar's adopted son, over Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. The following year Octavian conquered Ptolemaic Egypt, ending the Hellenistic period that had begun with the conquests of Alexander the Great of Macedon in the 4th century BC. Octavian's power then became unassailable, and in 27 BC the Roman Senate formally granted him overarching power and the new title Augustus, effectively making him the first Roman emperor.

The first two centuries of the Empire saw a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace"). Rome reached its greatest territorial expanse during the reign of Trajan (AD 98–117). A period of increasing trouble and decline began with the reign of Commodus (177–192). In the 3rd century the Empire underwent a crisis that threatened its existence, as the Gallic Empire and Palmyrene Empire broke away from the Roman state, and a series of short-lived emperors, often from the legions, led the empire. The empire was reunified under Aurelian ( r . 270–275 ). In an effort to stabilize it, Diocletian set up two different imperial courts in the Greek East and Latin West in 286. Christians rose to positions of power in the 4th century following the Edict of Milan of 313. Shortly after, the Migration Period, involving large invasions by Germanic peoples and by the Huns of Attila, led to the decline of the Western Roman Empire. With the fall of Ravenna to the Germanic Herulians and the deposition of Romulus Augustus in AD 476 by Odoacer, the Western Roman Empire finally collapsed the Eastern Roman Emperor Zeno formally abolished it in AD 480. Nonetheless, some states in the territories of the former Western Roman Empire would later claim to have inherited the supreme power of the emperors of Rome, most notably the Holy Roman Empire. The Eastern Roman Empire survived for another millennium, until Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks of Sultan Mehmed II in 1453. [n 8]

Due to the Roman Empire's vast extent and long endurance, the institutions and culture of Rome had a profound and lasting influence on the development of language, religion, art, architecture, philosophy, law, and forms of government in the territory it governed, and far beyond. The Latin language of the Romans evolved into the Romance languages of the medieval and modern world, while Medieval Greek became the language of the Eastern Roman Empire. The Empire's adoption of Christianity led to the formation of medieval Christendom. Greek and Roman art had a profound impact on the Italian Renaissance. Rome's architectural tradition served as the basis for Romanesque, Renaissance and Neoclassical architecture, and also had a strong influence on Islamic architecture. The corpus of Roman law has its descendants in many legal systems of the world today, such as the Napoleonic Code, while Rome's republican institutions have left an enduring legacy, influencing the Italian city-state republics of the medieval period, as well as the early United States and other modern democratic republics.


Understand [ edit ]

Ever since the 2011 revolution, tourism (which provides about 15% of employment in Egypt, so one-sixth of the population are reliant upon it) has taken a major hit. Because of the downturn in tourism, expect more persistent and aggressive touts, but prices are lower and you can avoid the gigantic crowds that, at other periods, were typically overflowing the marvellous sites.

The more recent counter-revolution and Military putsch, like many events of its sort, has brought repression, death sentences and imprisonment for many Egyptians (and foreign journalists) but has resulted in lower crime and reduced disruption for well-heeled foreign tourists.

History [ edit ]

The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose around 3200 BC and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 BC, who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks, took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honoured place of the Nile River in agriculture and the ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to prepare the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

Climate [ edit ]

Egypt is largely a desert, an extension of the great Sahara that bands North Africa. Save for the thin strip of watered land along the Nile River broadening into the Nile delta, very little could survive here. As the ancient Greek historian Herodotus stated: "Egypt is the gift of the Nile".

Generally, the summers are hot and dry and the winters, moderate. November through March are definitely the most comfortable months for travel in Egypt. There is almost no rain in the Nile valley, so you won't need wet weather gear!

The climate, however, does vary a little bit depending on where you are in the country. On the north coast along the Mediterranean Sea, a thin strip of land stretching from the sea to 50km southwards receives some of the most heavy rain in the country during winter months. Thunderstorms along with heavy rain showers that often last several hours are not uncommon here such as in Alexandria, Marsa Matruh and all other coastal areas, and even the Delta. In some years the rainstorms can last for a whole day or so, though the rain tends to be less heavy. Hail is also not uncommon, especially out in the desert where the weather is usually colder and allows for ice to fall and even frost to form on non-rainy days.

In the Sinai Mountains and also the Red Sea mountains, which stretch along the east side of the country along the shore of the Red Sea, there is generally more rain as rain clouds tend to develop when warm air evaporates and rises as it moves across higher terrain. Floods in these areas are a common weather phenomenon as so much rain can fall in a very short amount of time (often a day or two), with thunder and lightning as well. Because of the desert and lack of abundant vegetation, the water from the rain quickly falls down across the hills and mountains and floods local areas. In fact, every year there are stories in the local newspapers about flash floods in areas of the Sinai and also in Upper Egypt (southern Egypt) such as in Assiut, Luxor, Aswan, Sohag, etc. These floods, however, only generally happen two or three times a year, and often do not happen at all in some years, depending on the weather. When they happen though, it is often in early times of the season such as in September, October or late winter such as February or March (often the rainiest season in Egypt). Thus, one should be careful when venturing out into the desert or camping in certain areas as water can suddenly rush down from the nearby mountains and hills. It can sometimes carry a quite strong current that has been known to break down homes of rural people who build their homes from mud, bricks, and other weak materials. It is not surprising to hear that some people drown in the floods, which is strange for a desert country that doesn't receive much precipitation.

Also, in higher elevations such as on top of the Sinai mountains, temperatures can drop much more than the surrounding areas, allowing for snowfall in winter months, since temperatures can drop down to below freezing, as well as formation of frost even in the low lying desert areas where the temperatures are generally several degrees colder than in the cities.

December and January are usually the coldest months of the year, although it is normally warmer the further south you go and within the bigger cities.

Visitors should be aware that most houses and apartments in Cairo and Egypt do not have central heating like countries with colder climates as the main weather concern in Egypt is the heat. Therefore, even though the weather might not be so cold for the Western traveller, inside the apartment it might be even colder as the temperature inside homes is generally a few or several degrees colder than out in the street.

Holidays [ edit ]

Banks, shops and businesses close for the following Egyptian National Holidays (civil, secular), and public transport may run only limited services:

  • 7 January (Orthodox Christmas)
  • 25 January (Egyptian Revolution day)
  • 25 April (Sinai liberation Day)
  • 1 May (Labour Day)
  • 23 July (Revolution Day)
  • 6 October (Armed Forces Day)
  • 1st Shawwal,the 10th Hijri month (Eid Elfitr)
  • 10th Tho-Elhejjah, the 12th Hijri month (Eid Al-adha)
  • 29 OR 30 days of Ramadan

Ramadan [ edit ]

Exact dates depend on local astronomical observations and vary from one country to another.
Ramadan ends with the Eid ul-Fitr festival extending over several days.

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and the most important month in the Islamic Calendar for Muslims, the majority religion in Egypt. Commemorating the time when God revealed the Qur'an to Mohammed, during this holy month, Muslims abstain from eating, drinking or smoking until after sundown on each day. Although strict adherence to Ramadan is for Muslims only, some Muslims appreciate that non-Muslims do not take meals or smoke in public places. During Ramadan, many restaurants and cafés won't open until after sundown. Public transport is less frequent, shops close earlier before sunset and the pace of life (especially business) is generally slow.

As expected, exactly at sunset minute, the entire country quiets down and busy itself with the main meal of the day (iftar or breaking-fast) that are almost always done as social events in large groups of friends. Many richer people offer (Tables of the Gracious God موائد الرحمن ) in Cairo's streets that cater full-meals for free for the passers-by, the poorer ones or workers who couldn't leave their shifts at the time. Prayers become popular 'social' events that some like to enrich with special food treats before and after. An hour or two later, an astonishing springing to life of the cities takes place. Streets sometimes richly decorated for the whole month have continuous rush hours till very early in the morning. Some shops and cafés make the biggest chunk of their annual profit at this time of year. Costs of advertising on television and radio soars for this period and entertainment performances are at their peak.

Terrain [ edit ]

Egypt consists of a vast desert plateau interrupted by the Nile valley and delta, along with the Sinai peninsula.

Portions of the Nile River valley are bounded by steep rocky cliffs, while the banks are relatively flat in other areas, allowing for agricultural production.


Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Life and Death Contrasted (ca.1770), The Public Domain Review

The Voice that Inspired a Nation: The Dentures of Sir William Churchill (1874-1965) : Guest Post by Kristin Hussey, Hunterian Museum, London

  1. Winston Churchill in Downing Street, June 1943. Wikicommons via the Imperial War Museum.
  2. Skeletal partial upper denture, with gold base, platinum clasps and mineral teeth, made for and worn by Winston Churchill, c. 1941. RCSOM/K 20.9. Copyright the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons of England

DDAL Jasper DMs Icewind Dale and Season 10

Gain a level, 10 downtime days 50 GP This each people.

Magic Items grey bag of tricks, Cauldron of Plenty

I had strong group of six. Sandarol ranger 1. Midoria Cleric 1 local spice merchant who is three payments away from losing their business. Gax Goggles Waterdeep Kobold Ranger1. Andy goliath fighter 1 from Skytower tribe. Tuk’n Rol (I just saw that pun) sorcerer 1. Jimmy the Hare rogue 1.

Everyone has at least one secret. Note lots of secrets in this book. And I am having trouble with some of your secrets special “Problems”. Feel free to call for a DM meeting on the porch if I am not getting a clue.

I will need the results of your 3 d20 rolls. I will throw these into a bag. And if wandering monster comes up. I did not roll it. It was one of your table mates.

Please take notes. I will be leaving links to google docs which have notes but do you trust me to take notes?

Daylight which is actually dim light. 10 AM- 2PM. Auril Aurora 11 PM – 3 AM.

The group is entering Bryn Shander a welcome sign reads. Welcome to Bryn Shander the Happiest Place in Ten-Towns. Happiest has been chiseled out. Weather WARM -40 F. Wind 5 to 10 MPH Wind Chill -70 F. 731 Days of No Sun. Pop 1,200.

They are at the Northlook Inn and Tavern. Old Bitey has sung his song. Old Bitey is a 7-foot-long stuffed Knucklehead Trout. Watch it! He bites! They are approached by the old retired bounty hunter Hlin Trollbane. The Shield dwarf thinks the body guard Sephek Kaltro is behind at least three murders. The victims were all residents of towns which sacrifice humanoids at the new moon. Bryn Shander, Easthaven, and Targos. Kaltro is the bodyguard of the merchant train Torrga Icevein. They left Bryn for Easthaven this morning. The party accepts this murder death kill order. And tries to hint for 100 gp a head they can bring Hlin plenty of heads. She just wants the Kaltro’s head. But they are too poor right now to buy a dog sled, so they have to hoof it. And with no druid to turn into a red nose reindeer, they have to hoof it on their own feet. (Cold-Hearted Killer quest. I gave the group the option. Fun or Serious quest.)

Eight hours later they arrive in Easthaven. Pop 750. The welcome sign is slightly different. The “Ferry Daily” part is chiseled out. They find and talk with Torrga and keep an eye on their victim. She laughs at their request to do lunch tomorrow. She leaving at 7 AM to Caer-Dineval. But if they can run her dog teams down in snowshoes, she will break bread. Tuk’n Rol is getting the idea, that offing Kaltro is a good idea.

The get a room at White Lady Inn. Rinaldo on of main servers mention the execution at 6 PM of the evil Red Wizard who murdered an adventuring party of seven with his bare hands. Dzann will be put to torch this evening. Easthaven does not allow murderers to live. Suddenly his eyes turn white.

Rinaldo, “I am the White Lady. Caer-Dineval is a base for a devil worshipping cult.”

The indoor temperature drops and the window behind fogs up. And invisible finger writes “invisible dwarves” on one of the panes of glass.

Rinaldo, “Gray Dwarves stalk. Stalk Easthaven. Stalk Caer-Dineval. Stalk Caer-Konig. Find the Ferry. Find the ruins of Dinev’s Rest. Frozen Cauldron. Fisher man Stew. Feed….” Rinaldo eyes turn to normal and he continues on about the execution, not knowing what had happen.

The group attends the execution. Dzann is bound, gagged, and chained to stake. Sperm Whale Oil covers the stake, the wood pile and Dzann. Captain Arlaggath reads the charges and chooses at random the executioner. Andy. Andy mocks Dzann before lighting him on fire. The Captain smoothly interviews the party. These schmucks um brave people could be useful.

The Captain asks the group to go on the ice flow of Lac Dinneshere to find four fishers. Bring them back alive or their bodies and she give them one of the pieces of loot which Dzann had. As he will be no longer needing. The group agrees to take the Toll and Trouble quest. But not tomorrow.

They wake up just after Auril Aurora set, and beat snowshoes. Arriving at the main four-way ice interstate intersection of the Ten-Towns. They start a fire with a few dead branches. And wait. Half in ambush. Torrga sees them and pulls over. She and her helpers break bread with some of the group. Kaltro does not. Andy makes small talk. And notices Kaltro’s breath does not fog. It is -40F minus. Andy attacks. Tuk’n screams, “We only killing the murderer.” A few rounds later. Kaltro is dead. They loot his body. Taking the ice long sword and ice dagger. (No bonus. Just made of ice. Looks cool.)

Tuk’n wonders why the merchant and most of the merchant group did not fight. But he dismisses it as Ten-Towns is a Cold-Hearted place. They walk to Bryn Shander and get their reward of 16 GP each. And Back to Easthaven and points East.

Day four has them on the ice flow of Lac Dinneshere. They discover Bunch o’ Knuckleheads. It has been anchored on shore. To the south are four caves. One at the water line, the others twenty or so feet above. Sandarol tracks them to the waterline cave. The group enters. Using the light spell, Midoria leads the way with Sandarol. The caves wander before coming to a frozen waterfall which is ten plus feet above their heads. The goliath boosts the kobold over the waterfall.

Googles is hammering in piton into the wall above. Hammer. Ping. Hammer Ping. Hammer CRACK!

Sandarol, “That is ice breaking!” Googles scream is cut off quickly as if he was mostly eaten. Quick game plan. Andy will get in the step ladder position, and everyone will use him as step stool to get over the waterfall. Midoria leaps over the frozen waterfall. The main cave wanders north and is covered in ice. About twenty feet ahead to east is a dry passageway. Oh, kobold, kobold, kobold. Where is Goggles. Oh, in the ice water. Being eaten by a water weird. Midoria attacks. Which ticks off the water weird which flees with food.

(Okay it hard to justice to this combat.) The water weird flees north under the ice with most of the party chasing it. Jimmy the Hare and Sandarol take the dry passage as the cleric with the only light source has ran ahead. (Yes, they spilt the party themselves). The ice group chases the weird occasionally chopping holes in the ice to get to Googles. Occasionally casting spells through the ice. (Rule flump this is not allowed.) I won’t mention the four frost giants in the main cave which gave Googles a good fright. (Draw a big room. Here put this frost giant into the room. Player squeals. And this one. And this one. And this one. Sit back and watch the all players look at me with murder death kill on their faces.) Oh, I forgot. They frost frost giants. They are frozen half in and half out the water. The ice group kills Fredrick the weird. Which ticks off Maud Chiselbone.

Maud Chiselbone is not happy a kobold and goliath have killed her pet. But Andy does dress nicely. I mean to say he DRESS OUT NICELY. Three hundred pounds of fresh meat and Thirty-three pounds of Southern Fry Kobold sounds delicious. More meat for the pot. The group barely survives the fight between the food hag and her will-o-wisp. They find the Cauldron of Plenty. The bones and effects of the fishermen.

The group returns to town. They are trying to decide to sell the cauldron, or keep it. TUNE IN NEXT WEEK.

RIP Sephek Kaltro, Maud Chiselbone. Easthaven Pop 746.

Note. I should have waited on the second quest. It is at least a third level fight. My fault. I wanted to use the DM points to give the cauldron to one my pcs.

Comments and replies welcome and are needed.

Jasper

Rotten DM

Jasper

Rotten DM

Icewind Dale Chapter 1 Session 2

Hammer 5, 1489 7 A.M. to Hammer 11, 1489 7 AM.

If you completed your first or third quest. Gain a level. 10 downtime days. 80 GP. This from renting the cauldron, the mountain rescue, and selling the baby yeti.

I had a strong group of six. Midi Cleric 2. Goggles Ranger 2. Sandavol Ranger 2. Gregor barbarian 1. Jimmy the Horse Rogue 2. Andy the Untouchable Fighter 2.

PC Killed 0 Monsters Killed 47 Villains Capture 2 Villains Escaped 2

Time Started 5:47 End Time 9:33

I am doing the reputation by changing the friendliness status in the city. So Targos, Easthaven, Bryn Shander up by one. Everywhere else initially it starts down one.

I did a small rewind. The group meets with Speaker Danneth Waylen and Captain Imdra Arlaggath. After a few hours of talks, screaming, and pleading, the Speaker agrees to rent the cauldron of plenty for one month for 500 GP. The party agrees to occasionally set up a guard with the town guard.

Around 5 PM the city offices close down. And for an hour Paranoid reigns. Which turns out to be a good thing. Twelve thugs of the Zhentarium faction come knocking. Well not knocking. More like breaking and entering. Four at the front door. Four at the back door. And four coming into the second story window. A huge and long fight starts. Andy gets the nickname as the Untouchable as he holds the rear hallway for most of fight. (with advantage I was missing for most of fight.) But the fight goes against them. First Goggles drops. Second Gregor. Third to hit the floor is Midi. The fourth is Andy. They are bleeding out. Jimmy the Horse has been sniping from the second floor.

Sandavol calls forth his secret, which waxes the last three of the thugs. He dismisses his secret. You want to know his secret. Tough. No one saw his secret and the dm is not telling. With eleven thugs dead, and one captured alive due to Googles yelling to capture one alive. All is quiet. Between potions of healing, and medicine checks every one is fine. (DEATH. BOO Boo. It not fair.)

After questioning the thug, they discover the Zhents were send by Naerth Maxildanarr from Targos. Also, the questioning reveals the town secretary is a spy for the Zhents. Prudence Tarkwold is questioned. Gregor is given the pleasure of executing the prisoners (OUTSIDE).

The group leaves the Axe Beak of the criminals behind, and the next day head to Targos. It is an eight hour plus walk. When they arrive at Targos, they find out the speaker is Naerth Maxildanarr and she has controlling interest the Luskan Arms a very nice inn operated by Owenn Tarsenel. Speaker Naerth does not even come close to matching Easthaven offer. But agrees to meet with the handsome Sandavol later over spades. The group wanders around town before the spades game picking up rumors.

Bremen rumor is a Lake Monster is terrorizing the local fishers. Bryn Shander dwarves will pay for a missing shipment of iron ingots. Caer-Dineval the speaker is hold up in his castle and not been seen for a while. Good Mead is missing several casks of honey mead which have been stole. (Mead is always made out honey. Plus, darn very healthy bees after two years of no sun.) Lonely Wood is being terrorized by an evil demon white moose. Termalaine the speaker has close one of the profitable gem mines. (rumors are page 18)

Midi recalls. Nabira Moarskull an Easthaven fisher owned an enchanted fishhook that could catch magical fish. A pair of Filthy Gnolls killed her and stole her fishpole and hook. Hunters tracked them down to an icy rift. But were too scared to go farther. Chackling Chasm page 127 Chapter 2 adventure.)

The spade game goes well. Targos is in the running for next months use of the cauldron. The group decides they will check out the gem mine rumor in the morning.

The next morning as they head out, the kobold Googles is tackled by a sled dog and pulled down a street, through an alley. Over some frozen rubbish, to a front door. Keegan Velryn opens to door when he hears the sled dog Boy howling. His spouse Garret took a group of stupid southerners to climb Kelvin’s Cairn. They were stupid because they wanted to climb the mountain but Garret makes good coin leading stupid people up mountains. He offers 50 GP for the group to rescue Garret, he does not care if they rescue the stupid climbers. The stupid was a male goliath, a female lightfoot halfling, and a female tiefling. Keegan did not remember their names. The group change quests and decide to go doggy rescue. Boy accompanies the group, some times grabbing Goggles by his sleeve and taking him for a drag. The group takes most of the day to get to Caer-Konig, where they get some rest.

While in Caer-Konig, Goggles and Gregor see three kobolds standing a top of each other in a blue trench coat. Um Make that cold weather gear. The kobolds are dumpster diving. Goggles and the goliath help out. (Both you have advantage with your next social encounter of Icewind Kobolds.)

The next day they head for the mountain, Kelvin’s Cairn. They come across some trappers from the Reghed Bear tribe. They are friendly and tell them Perytons have been seen in the area.

They find the base camp. Five dogs and a sled are still present. They have broken into one of the supply boxes. Googles calms them and feeds them. Then up the mountain they got. They meet up with some mountain goats and being hungry Sandavol decides to hunt them. They hunt back. Knocking Gregor into the snow and then groin stomping him. After a brief battle they have 3 snow white mountain goat skins. And Goggles has a mount. (Goggles a military saddle will cost 20 GP. If you take beast master, you can use him as a mount and companion. Read up on mounted combat and whatever else you need.)

After healing Gregor, they take a short rest. The proceed upwards. Single file. Gregor starts singing Waterdeep Wenches. Suddenly a huge crack is heard. (Mountains don’t like off key singing.) They are in an avalanche. (An avalanche is a mass of snow and debris falling rapidly down a mountainside. A typical avalanche is 300 feet wide, 150 feet long, and 30 feet thick. Creatures in the path of an avalanche can avoid it or escape it if they’re close to its edge, but outrunning one is almost impossible.

When an avalanche occurs, all nearby creatures must roll initiative. Twice each round, on initiative counts 10 and 0, the avalanche travels 300 feet until it can travel no more. When an avalanche moves, any creature in its space moves along with it and falls prone, and the creature must make a DC 15 Strength saving throw, taking 1d10 bludgeoning damage on a failed save, or half as much damage on a successful one.

When an avalanche stops, the snow settles and buries creatures in it. A creature buried in this way is blinded and restrained and has total cover. The creature gains one level of exhaustion for every 5 minutes it spends buried in the snow. It can try to dig itself free as an action, breaking the surface and ending the blinded and restrained conditions on itself with a successful DC 15 Strength (Athletics) check. A creature that fails this check three times can’t attempt to dig itself out again.

A creature that is not restrained or incapacitated can spend 1 minute freeing another creature buried in the snow. Once free, that creature is no longer blinded or restrained by the avalanche.)

They dig Andy the Untouchable except for huge snow fall out from the snow. And climb still future up. They come across a wounded man. He is Garret Velryn and he fought off a yeti less successfully than the group fought of the two ticked of fur balls, um Crag Cats who are upset because Garret is no longer on the menu. (Ok guys we have to remember the lack of light. Midi said they will keep the spell light up. But ASK me about how perception is going to be.)

Garret stupid mountain climbing party consists of Mokingo Growling Bear Akannathi, a male goliath warrior determined to find Oyaminartok. Perilou Fishfinger, a female lightfoot halfling follower of Yondalla who is Mokingo’s stalwart companion and Astrix, a female tiefling who mumbles and swears a lot.

He needs to find them. Because he always brings people back. Dead or alive. They follow Garret. As track the yeti into a series of caves. The party takes the lead. Finding the remains of Growling bear. The heads of a dwarf named Oobok (Foaming Mugs page 34) and Barthoom (Ruined Camp page 92). In the next chamber they find a yeti tyke playing with Perilou. See the evil party the tyke runs to its mommy. A huge yeti. When her scream of get out does not work, she attacks and is killed by the group. The rangers calm the tyke and take into their party to sell to the town later. They push on.

They find a deep crevasse with tent half buried in it. A pair of blue boots stick out of it. Next to the boots is a frozen solid Astrix. They leave blue boots and take the body down the mountain. And return to Targos. Part of their award is four scrimshaw figurines worth 10 gp each: a spouting whale, a smiling fox, a pair of dancing hares, and a walrus with the words “BIG LOVE” carved into it.

Easthaven Pop 745 Targos Pop 988 RIP Prudence Tarkwold, Blue Boots, Mokingo Growling Bear Akannathi, and Astrix.

Thanks to Russell for bringing the three-D dungeon. If all of you choose, the next quest beforehand, he will build the next encounter too. I gave you information on the heads for the player information. So, I would not have to remember it. So, if you doing choose those, that information will transfer to the pcs.


Mad Artist

The right-brain equivalent to the Mad Scientist, Mad Mathematician, and Mad Doctor. May work in any medium, but the subject is almost always evil (for a non-malicious version of this, see Eccentric Artist). They may make statues by dipping live people in concrete/wax, redecorate other people's houses with explosives, or try to get the perfect ending to their murder mystery novel by starting a real murder mystery. The unifying thread is that they always see a few incidental deaths as meaningless compared to the eternal majesty of their masterpieces.

Mad actors, artists, dancers, singers, and the like do outrageous and sociopathic things in public either as art, or so that people will pay attention to their art.

God help everyone if this character has art as an actual superpower. Just think of the terrifying monsters and objects they could create, the uses of the Anomalous Art they make, or even the terrifying potential in combat as an Art Attacker.

This character's motivation and descent into madness may be similar to their scientist counterpart, caused by a shunning from the community or a dismissal of their work as too crazy or unorthodox.

The Mad Artist is somewhat rarer a trope than the Mad Scientist since, while Science Is Bad, art is almost always good, or at least benign (even if it is angsty or incomprehensible). Some characters actually embody both tropes at once, combining horrific artistic features into works of insane scientific genius with the mad piece of artwork in question simultaneously being a product of mad science (Truth in Television, given applied arts combine art and science to the point of being indistinguishable, with artistic features being incorporated into science and vice versa). Similarly, a Mad Artist could use their expertise gained as a Mad Doctor or Mad Mathematician to work in creating their insane artwork (the Mad Genius archetype subtypes aren't mutually exclusive and overlap quite often). While a Mad Scientist can sometimes be one of the good guys, you'll practically never see a Mad Artist so venerated—to escalate into Mad Artistry, the artist must usually break too sacred a taboo (e.g. murder or torture) to be an acceptable good guy.

There is an element of Truth in Television with this trope. The list of creative people who have exhibited symptoms of mental illness is inexhaustible. note Although this is controversial, and evidence exists that the link between creativity and insanity is exaggerated. However, most Real Life Mad Artists aren't violent. They're much more prone to Angst.

For actual artists who draw for MAD (who may or may not qualify as this, depending on the point of view) see that Trope Page.


Detective agency

When the Second Nonary Game ended, Junpei spent a year trying to find Akane to no avail. He quit school and joined a small detective agency in hopes of finding information on Akane, risking both his life and his morals dealing with the dirty, dangerous criminal underground. He sneaked into places involved in human organ trafficking and witnessed people die. He realized humans weren't as beautiful as he thought and seeing all of this darkened Junpei's outlook on life and humanity, taking a severe toll on his mental and emotional health. He also turned towards drinking to block out the pain and memories.

At some point in time, he worked with Seven to destroy Free the Soul's headquarters.

Eventually, he got intel from his detective firm that Akane joined the Mars Mission Test Site (Dcom) experiment and he used "force" and "coercion" to force his way in.


Jan Zrzavý

Today is the birthday (1890) of Jan Zrzavý, a major Czech graphic artist, illustrator, and scenographer, representative of the avant-garde in Prague at the beginning of the 20 th century. He is well known these days in the Czech Republic among artists and graphic designers, and you can see his influence in a variety of Czech media. He is not especially well known outside eastern Europe, except among the cognoscenti. In part this is because he was a private, solitary figure not drawn to fame. He is sometimes called malíř snů (the painter of dreams), because his paintings can evoke a sense of other-worldliness and alienation from reality.

Zrzavý was born in Okrouhlice near Havlíčkův Brod. He wrote poems and plays but is mostly remembered in the visual arts. He studied at the UMPRUM (Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design) in Prague for two years before being expelled. After that, he made four attempts to enroll at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague without success. Thenceforth he studied privately with Czech painters, such as, Karel Reisner, Vladimír Županský, and František Ženíšek.

When you look at Zrzavý’s oeuvre you can see he was influenced by many world-famous artists and many artistic styles, especially Italian Renaissance masters, as well as Medieval Gothic paintings. He also found inspiration in the works of modernists such as Munch, Seurat, and Gauguin. Religious imagery is evident throughout his collection.

At first he was drawn to symbolism and impressionism, for example in his paintings Údolí smutku (Valley of Sorrow) or Nokturno (Nocturno).

There is a marginal influence of cubism seen in, for example, Zátiší s konvalinkami (Still life with Lily of the Valley) and Meditace (Meditation).

After the First World War Zrzavý emphasized plain volumes and shapes, soft contours and muted coloring.

Between the wars he traveled to Italy, Belgium and France and focused his effort on landscapes, in particular in Venice, Bretagne and Bohemia.

During the Second World War his landscape paintings featured fatalism tinged with lyricism.

After the Second World War the lyricism, or lightness, became more prominent.

Beside being a prolific painter, Zrzavý was also a distinctive illustrator. His best known illustrations can be found in Mácha’s Máj (May) and in Karel Jaromír Erben’s Kytice (The Garland). In addition, he produced stage settings – for example, for operas performed at the stage of the National Theatre and the Estates Theatre in Prague (Mozart – Idomeneus, Verdi – Rigoletto, Debussy –The Prodigal Son, Dvořák – Armida).

After the war he became an associate professor at Palacký University of Olomouc, Department of Visual Art at the Faculty of Philosophy, teaching painting and composition. In 1965 he was honored with the National Artist title. In 1972 he published a book of his memories simply called Jan Zrzavý vzpomíná (Jan Zrzavý recollecting).

Despite long periods of poor health, Zrzavý died at the age of 86, on 12th October 1977 in Prague.

Kulajda is one of the great classic soups of the Czech Republic. It has a potato and mushroom base soured with vinegar and sour cream, seasoned with dill, and served with a poached egg on top. Classic. The mushrooms need to be well flavored, not your generic white agarics. Czechs often use strong dried mushrooms. If you use dried mushrooms, soak them in warm water for an hour or so, and use the water in cooking.

3 cups peeled and diced potatoes
1 tbsp whole peppercorns
2 bay leaves
½ cup flour
¾ cup sour cream
4 eggs
3 tbsp white vinegar
1 cup sliced mushrooms
¼ cup chopped fresh dill
1 tbsp caraway seeds
salt

Place the potatoes in a large saucepan and barely cover with water. Add the bay leaves, peppercorns, caraway seeds and salt to taste, bring to a boil, then simmer until the potatoes are very soft. Mash some of the potatoes with a fork and stir the soup. Mix the flour in a bowl with the sour cream making sure there are no lumps. You can use a whisk or fork, but mix very well. Add some liquid from the hot soup to the sour cream a few tablespoons at a time whisking until it is smooth. Then pour the mixture through a fine strainer back into the soup pot. Bring to a simmer until the soup thickens. Then add the vinegar, mushrooms and chopped fresh dill.

While the soup is heating through poach the eggs. Some people get fancy and poach them right in the soup. I find this a bit risky, so I poach them separately.

Serve in shallow bowls with a poached egg in the center of each.


Culture

Syria is a traditional society with a long cultural history. [196] Importance is placed on family, religion, education, self-discipline and respect. Syrians' taste for the traditional arts is expressed in dances such as the al-Samah, the Dabkeh in all their variations, and the sword dance. Marriage ceremonies and the births of children are occasions for the lively demonstration of folk customs. [197]

The literature of Syria has contributed to Arabic literature and has a proud tradition of oral and written poetry. Syrian writers, many of whom migrated to Egypt, played a crucial role in the nahda or Arab literary and cultural revival of the 19th century. Prominent contemporary Syrian writers include, among others, Adonis, Muhammad Maghout, Haidar Haidar, Ghada al-Samman, Nizar Qabbani and Zakariyya Tamer.

Ba'ath Party rule, since the 1966 coup, has brought about renewed censorship. In this context, the genre of the historical novel, spearheaded by Nabil Sulayman, Fawwaz Haddad, Khyri al-Dhahabi and Nihad Siris, is sometimes used as a means of expressing dissent, critiquing the present through a depiction of the past. Syrian folk narrative, as a subgenre of historical fiction, is imbued with magical realism, and is also used as a means of veiled criticism of the present. Salim Barakat, a Syrian émigré living in Sweden, is one of the leading figures of the genre. Contemporary Syrian literature also encompasses science fiction and futuristic utopiae (Nuhad Sharif, Talib Umran), which may also serve as media of dissent.

Music

The Syrian music scene, in particular that of Damascus, has long been among the Arab world's most important, especially in the field of classical Arab music. Syria has produced several pan-Arab stars, including Asmahan, Farid al-Atrash and singer Lena Chamamyan. The city of Aleppo is known for its muwashshah, a form of Andalous sung poetry popularized by Sabri Moudallal, as well as for popular stars like Sabah Fakhri.

Media

Television was first introduced to Syria in 1960, when Syria and Egypt (which adopted television that same year) were part of the United Arab Republic. It broadcast in black and white until 1976. Syrian soap operas have considerable market penetration throughout the eastern Arab world. [198]

Nearly all of Syria's media outlets are state-owned, and the Ba'ath Party controls nearly all newspapers. [199] The authorities operate several intelligence agencies, [200] among them Shu'bat al-Mukhabarat al-'Askariyya, employing a large number of operatives. [201] Since the Syrian Civil War many of Syria's artists, poets, writers and activists have remained incarcerated, including famed cartoonist Akram Raslam. [202]

Sports

The most popular sports in Syria are football, basketball, swimming, and tennis. Damascus was home to the fifth and seventh Pan Arab Games. Many popular football teams are based in Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, Latakia, etc.

The Abbasiyyin Stadium in Damascus is home to the Syrian national football team. The team enjoyed some success, having qualified for four Asian Cup competitions. The team had its first international on 20 November 1949, losing to Turkey 7–0. The team was ranked 101st in the world by FIFA as of June 2016.

Cuisine

Linked to the regions of Syria where a specific dish has originated, Syrian cuisine is rich and varied in its ingredients. Syrian food mostly consists of Southern Mediterranean, Greek, and Southwest Asian dishes. Some Syrian dishes also evolved from Turkish and French cooking: dishes like shish kebab, stuffed zucchini/courgette, yabra' (stuffed grape leaves, the word yapra' derıves from the Turkish word 'yaprak' meaning leaf).

The main dishes that form Syrian cuisine are kibbeh, hummus, tabbouleh, fattoush, labneh, shawarma, mujaddara, shanklish, pastırma, sujuk and baklava. Baklava is made of filo pastry filled with chopped nuts and soaked in honey. Syrians often serve selections of appetizers, known as meze, before the main course. Za'atar, minced beef, and cheese manakish are popular hors d'œuvres. The Arabic flatbread khubz is always eaten together with meze.

Drinks in Syria vary, depending on the time of day and the occasion. Arabic coffee, also known as Turkish coffee, is the most well-known hot drink, usually prepared in the morning at breakfast or in the evening. It is usually served for guests or after food. Arak, an alcoholic drink, is also a well-known beverage served mostly on special occasions. More examples of Syrian beverages include Ayran, Jallab, White coffee, and a locally manufactured beer called Al Shark. [203]


Cleopatra in Art, Fiction, Films, Cartoons etc etc

Cleopatra's fame during her lifetime and the later legends/tabloid stories/lies about her afterwards has meant that she has never gone away in popular imagination. Some admired her for taking on a lot of powerful men and taking most of them for a ride except a few odds and sods.

The Christian church naturally took a dim view of Cleopatra and would gloat every time they recalled her defeat by Augustus. She was the opposite of a Good Women in their eyes. For St.Augustine, Queen Cleopatra was an An uppity Egyptian .. incestuous .. snake charming killer who used her body to get her way.. Shame I didn't know her otherwise that would helped the book sales of my autobiography 'Confessions of A ex-Pagan'...

Since then artistic representations of Cleopatra have usually shown her as a bit of tart - turning men into jelly every time they got a whiff of her perfume. She was an erotic template, a tentpole creator for men's lustful desires and the emasculator of manly virtue. Now Cleopatra's name is used for crap cosmetics or sleazy saunas. Perhaps Cleopatra wouldn't have minded that. At least people would still be talking about her 2000 years later! ⎛]


Watch the video: Does This Wild West Mummy Have a Secret? (January 2022).